Iran is a nation that takes pride in its varied geography and rich cultural legacy. Its caves are among the most breathtaking natural wonders in the world that can be found there. Visitors may get a rare look into the nation’s cultural legacy and geological past at these subterranean treasures. Any traveler seeking an exceptional and unforgettable experience should visit the caves of Iran, which range in size from the expansive Ali Sadr Cave to the enigmatic Katale Khor Cave. Here are the top caves of Iran for a fascinating adventure!

Ali Sadr Cave

Ali Sadr Cave
  • Discover the awe-inspiring Ali Sadr cave, the world’s largest water cave, nestled in Hamedan province, Western Iran.
  • Embark on an unforgettable boat tour through the 11km long canal system, allowing you to soak in the breathtaking views of magnificent stalactites and cascading 40m high waterfalls.
  • Explore the UNESCO World Heritage site’s wonders on a comfortable boat tour, avoiding the need to navigate dark passages.
  • Immerse yourself in the tranquil ambiance as you glide along the calm waters, surrounded by the mesmerizing beauty of nature’s artistry.

Karaftu Cave

Karaftu Cave
  • Uncover the hidden secrets of the Karaftu caves, an extraordinary ensemble of rock chambers carved by ancient civilizations, dating back to the 3rd or 4th century BC.
  • Prepare for an immersive experience that will captivate your senses, as you navigate through the winding passages, climb stairs and traverse slippery trails. Suitable footwear is a must!
  • Be ready to capture the breathtaking sights within the cave with your camera, as you encounter impressive views that will leave you in awe of the ancient craftsmanship.
  • Allow at least one hour for this thrilling journey into the past, as you explore the Karaftu caves and witness the remarkable fusion of nature and human ingenuity.

Kharbas Cave

Kharbas Cave
  • Embark on an adventure to the enchanting island of Qeshm and uncover the hidden treasure of Kharbas cave, a mesmerizing natural wonder located in the Hormozgan province.
  • Prepare to be awestruck by the extraordinary beauty of the cave’s stalactites, resembling sparkling chandeliers, casting a magical glow within its depths.
  • Discover the pristine allure of Kharbas cave, renowned as one of the most immaculate and untouched caves throughout the entire country.
  • Experience the breathtaking Kharbas cave formations, an unforgettable experience that will leave you in awe of the natural world’s sheer magnificence.

Quri Qaleh Cave

Quri Qaleh Cave
  • Embark on an extraordinary adventure to Quri Qaleh, one of the longest caves in western Asia, located in the captivating Ravansar area.
  • Experience a thrilling journey through the vast cave system, exploring three stunning chambers with breathtaking stalactite formations and enchanting waterfalls.
  • Discover the unexpected inhabitants of Quri Qaleh, including the adorable and harmless Mouse-eared bat, adding a touch of wildlife charm to your exploration.
  • Uncover the historical significance of this ancient cave, rumored to have housed a Mithra temple during the late Sasanian period, with numerous artifacts serving as silent witnesses to its rich past.

Namakdan Salt Cave

Namakdan Salt Cave
  • Embark on an extraordinary journey to the Namakdan Salt Cave, the world’s longest salt cave, nestled on the southwestern coast of Qeshm Island in the enchanting Hormozgan province.
  • Witness the breathtaking sight of crystalline salt covering the cave floor, and be amazed by the intricate formations of stalactites hanging from above, creating a surreal and ethereal atmosphere.
  • Discover the unique charm of the Namakdan Salt Cave, featuring a small natural white spring fed by saltwater, adding a touch of serenity to the cave’s already captivating ambiance.
  • The cave’s high magnesium content provides a natural and therapeutic environment for respiratory patients, making it an excellent destination for exploration and rejuvenation.

Khofash Cave

  • Embark on an extraordinary journey to Khofash Cave, located just 3 kilometers northeast of Dehloran, and experience a captivating haven for bat enthusiasts.
  • Discover the ancient history within the cave, as it served as a shelter for cavemen in ancient times, providing a glimpse into our early human ancestors.
  • Marvel at the impressive dimensions of Khofash Cave, stretching 255 meters in length, 30 meters in width, and standing an impressive 50 meters high, creating a majestic underground world.
  • Experience the natural beauty of Khofash Cave, a national monument, with stunning valley views and soothing Dehloran thermal springs, making it an unforgettable destination.

Ayub Cave

  • Embark on a captivating journey to Ayub Cave, nestled in the volcanic mountain of Shahr-e Babak, Kerman Province, boasting igneous rocks and a mysterious healing power.
  • Discover the ancient legend surrounding the cave, where it is believed that Job, the prophet, found healing by immersing himself in the spring water that flows from within its depths.
  • Witness the marvel of Ayub Cave, recognized as a national heritage of Iran, renowned for its grandeur with the largest opening and tallest ceiling among its peers.
  • Explore the cave’s fascinating features, including a wishing pool and Manzelgah, a unique platform of megaliths for adventurous cavers.

Kermanshah Prau Cave

Kermanshah Prau Cave
  • Embark on an exhilarating expedition to Parau Cave, the highest cave in the world, situated at a breathtaking altitude of 3050 meters above sea level near Chalabat.
  • Uncover the fascinating history of this remarkable cave, discovered in 1971 by the Ghar Parau Foundation, and marvel at its status as a designated natural national monument.
  • Prepare for a thrilling adventure as you descend into the depths of Parau Cave, once the largest vertical cave and now ranked 221 on the list of the world’s deepest caves.
  • Encounter the frigid beauty of the cave’s icy waters, fed by glacier melting, immersing yourself in a chilling environment with temperatures ranging from -1 to -3 degrees Celsius.

MahdiShahr Darband Cave

MahdiShahr Darband Cave
  • Embark on a captivating journey to Darband Cave, a magnificent limestone cave located in Mahdishahr City, Iran, just two kilometers north of the Darband region.
  • Discover the legends and stories surrounding this ancient cave, rich in history and rich in treasures like pottery, relics, gold coins, glazed bowls, and earthenware.
  • Marvel at the cave’s remarkable stalactites, towering between four to fourteen meters in height, creating a breathtaking spectacle that adds to the cave’s allure.
  • Explore Darband Cave’s vast interior, measuring 91 meters in length, 36 meters in width, and 20 meters in height, offering a captivating environment to explore.

Chama Ice Cave

Chama Ice Cave
  • Discover the captivating Chama Ice Cave, a natural marvel nestled in the picturesque southwestern Chaharmahal-Bakhtiari province of Iran, offering a refreshing respite from the heat.
  • Venture into the deep valleys to witness the awe-inspiring sight of ice caps and snow masses that defy the seasons, remaining steadfastly in place throughout the year.
  • Experience the delicate nature of the cave’s icy layers during hot seasons, as they become thin and fragile, presenting a thrilling challenge for those who dare to traverse them.
  • Explore the cave’s enchanting features, including a cold water spring that gracefully flows towards the Kuhrang dam, enhancing the cave’s allure as a popular tourist attraction.

Katale Khor Cave

Katale Khor Cave
  • Embark on a thrilling adventure to Katale-Khor, a mesmerizing cave located 120 km south of Zanjan, offering a captivating journey into the depths of time.
  • Discover the cave’s rich history, as it was uncovered nearly 90 years ago, and has since become a prominent tourist attraction, drawing visitors with its awe-inspiring beauty.
  • Experience Katale-Khor’s diverse experience, featuring soaring ceilings and narrow passages with wooden bridges, offering a marvel at the vastness above.
  • Delve into the layers of Katale-Khor, revealing ancient fossils from the Jurassic period, transporting you back millions of years and offering a glimpse into prehistoric life.
  • Experience the thrill of exploring the cave’s extensive underground tunnels, allowing you to unleash your inner adventurer.


Caves of Iran

Iran’s caves provide a fascinating trip into the heart of natural wonders and prehistoric past. These underground wonders, each with its own special qualities and fascinating history, highlight the nation’s geological variety. The Iranian caves entice both history buffs and intrepid travelers with their subterranean rivers, breathtaking rock formations, prehistoric fossils, and restorative tales. These caves never cease to astound tourists with their majesty and intrigue, leaving them in wonder at the hidden riches that this amazing region holds under its surface.

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