From snowy mountains, to volcanic beaches
It’s safe to say that most people check the climate and weather of a country in order to anticipate what clothes to take. This goes double for Iran. You must pay extra attention to what tours you are taking, in which region and in which season. Iran is a big country with a wide weather diversity. From South to North, the overall temperature and humidity change drastically. You could experience hot, dry and humid conditions in one season in Iran. So check your itinerary first, then check the weather based on the cities you want to visit.
But wait! Iran must have an overall weather type right?
Of course there is an overall weather condition. Iran is classified as a hot and dry country. Most historical sights are located in the arid Central areas. Looking at the topographical map, you can see that Iran has two massive mountain ranges which play pivotal roles when it comes to climate and weather. Some say the mountain ranges slightly resemble a ‘less than’ symbol (<). Others say they look like two halves of a boomerang.
In the North, the mountains are lush, with a rainy and humid climate. If you plan on the visiting the Mountainous North, the summer is your best time. If you plan on visiting the Caspian Sea region, the fall and spring are your best choice, while the summers are humid and hot. In the South, close to the coastal areas, the weather can be super-hot and humid in the summers as well. Travellers often travel to Southern destinations in the fall and winter seasons, due to the area’s moderate and blissful climate in those seasons. Since Iran is generally a mountainous country, the higher your elevation, the colder the temperature. The central area is predominantly hot and dry most of the year.
Generally the best time to visit all parts of Iran would be in the springtime. The weather throughout Iran’s extensive geography is relatively moderate and comfortable throughout this season. Not to mention the endless bouquet of blossoms everywhere you go from millions of trees coming back to life.
What is the average temperature?
The temperature varies throughout Iran. There’s really no direct way to have an overview on the weather. Iran has gigantic mountains and deep valleys. There can be below-freezing and close-to-boiling temperatures occurring at the exact same time and day within a couple hundred kilometers of each other inside Iran. For example, in the summertime, the Caspian Sea Coastal region can reach temperatures of up to 40℃ (along with 70% humidity), while driving less than 30 kilometers into the Alborz mountains nearby can bring you to locations with temperatures as low as 15℃.
No matter which season you choose to travel to Iran, you should have no fear. There is always a place with the perfect temperature for each preference. There are also numerous ways to beat the conditions, hot or cold. Local Iranians have entirely adapted to their unique living conditions, and thus know exactly how to access and provide comfortable living temperatures year-round.
What tourists should know?
The most important thing that travellers should know is that most tours are designed to focus on sights located in Iran’s Central area. While there are extensive tours covering Iran’s northern regions, travellers are usually faced with hot and dry conditions. If you’re Iran trip is planned before you arrive, you should check the temperature of each city which you will visit and pack appropriately.
If you are travelling solo, backpacking or otherwise winging your trip, you really must plan for both ends of the Iran’s extreme weathers. Generally, if you are travelling extensively through Iran, pack one set of light summer clothes, along with another set of heavy winter gear.
Another thing that is necessary to be aware of is the fact that women should wear hijab on the streets and public places. It doesn’t mean that they have to wear Chador (a much bigger and fully covered, black cloak) they just have to cover their hair and bodies. The men also are not allowed to wear shorts.
Get the Iran weather forecast here