The silk road or the silk route was a collection of connected ways for trading purposes. The silk road has a very old background. It is said that it was the biggest trading road for over 1700 years. This road has existed from the “Han” dynasty when China was connected to the western world.

The silk road term did not exist in the beginning and people at that time didn’t call it “the silk road”. For the first time in 1877 AD, Baron Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen, a German traveler, geographer, and scientist, made maps from China. In one of these maps, he called a line between this country to Europe “the silk road”.

It passes through deserts and mountains and connects countries like China, Iran, India, and Europe to each other. The silk road passes through a lot of cities in Iran. About 39 cities of Iran are on this road. Some of the important provinces and cities are Yazd, Tabriz, Esfahan, Shiraz, and Sistan-Baluchistan.

Since the silk road was set, it was a trading center for many products and goods which came from all around the world. Silk, paper, spices, medicine, glass, and leather were included. The biggest value of the silk road was the cultural exchanges. Civilizations exchanged an important amount of art, philosophy, science, and architecture through this road. Of course, there were some disadvantages too. Different kinds of diseases were transmitted from the silk road. One of the more famous ones was the plague spread in 542 AD.

After closing some parts of the silk road, merchants were forced to travel by sea. As a result, the period of discoveries in 1453-1660 began which engendered worldwide engagement and the beginning of a global community had been sparked.


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