The Persian Garden

Mahan Garden and Rayen City

On the UNESCO World Heritage site, under the name of Iran, you will find The Persian Garden. This rare listing on the world heritage actually consists of 14 different gardens. Nine of which are located within the borders of Iran today and six are in locations around the world that used to be part of Persia in previous history.

These gardens are placed in various locations scattered around the globe and built in different ages, but they are all formed alike. All the way from Granada, Spain to Agra, India and that is exactly why they have earned their spot on the world heritage list.

World Heritage List

The UNESCO world heritage list consists of natural and historical landmarks around the world that have been passed down to us by the people who came before us. It is our job to pass these magnificent treasures down to the ones that come after us. Each of these sites are considered treasures by UNESCO because of their uniqueness. The Persian Garden is no different.

Persian Gardens were built in different times, but most of their key features are absolutely alike. So much so, that it makes you think not only they were built at the same time, but by the same person. Features that have been helping architects build gardens around the world throughout time.

These gardens are masterpieces. The Persian Gardens were usually divided into four portions, hence the name “Chahar Bagh” meaning four gardens. These gardens were made possible by the extremely innovative engineering and very clever water management systems. These gardens were referred to as earthly paradises. Even the word “paradise” is driven from the Persian root “pardis”, a beautiful garden behind closed doors.

Art and Literature

The gardens have influenced the Persian culture throughout the millennia, through poetry, miniature paintings, literature and even carpet design. Poets like Sa’adi, Hafez and even Ferdowsi have taken from the glory of these gardens and enriched their artworks. The complete list of these spectacular gardens are presented below:


Pasargad Garden at Pasargadae, Iran (WHS 1372-001)


Eram Garden, Shiraz, Iran (WHS 1372-002)


Chehel Sotoun, Isfahan, Iran (WHS 1372-003)


Fin Garden, Kashan, Iran (WHS 1372-004)


Abbasabad Garden, Abbasabad, Mazandaran, Iran (WHS 1372-005)


Shazdeh Garden, Mahan, Kerman Province, Iran (WHS 1372-006)


Dolatabad Garden, Yazd, Iran (WHS 1372-007)


Pahlevanpour Garden, Yazd Province, Iran (WHS 1372-008)


Akbarieh Garden, South Khorasan Province, Iran (WHS 1372-009)


Taj Mahal, Agra, India (WHS 252)


Humayun’s Tomb, New Delhi, India (WHS 232bis)


Shalimar Gardens, Lahore, Pakistan (WHS 171-002)


Gardens of Babur, Kabul, Afghanistan (WHS —)


Generalife, Granada, Spain (WHS 314-001)


When you visit Iran, check out these gardens and be inspired by them, by their beauty and architectural magnificence. If you’re in any of the countries that have Persian Gardens in them like Spain or India, check them out and get familiar with what you’ll be seeing in Iran.


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