Entering the Grand Bazaar of Tehran, you will be lucky to see various types of pottery. Known as the oldest craft throughout the world, all pottery wares are made from various types of clay. Pottery represents the first artistic and industrial creations of mankind created from the excavation of natural resources to satisfy their primary needs. Over the centuries, the basic materials and even their usage has not changed much.
In modern times, pottery is rarely used for the plumbing and industrial purposes originally employed in ancient cities. However, pottery is still a big part of Iranian culture. Jugs, cups, plates and bowls of all shapes and sizes, decorative tiles, and even pots can be seen in both the bazaar and inside local households. One of Iran’s most classic and famous dishes, Dizi, a mixture of meat, broth, beans and veggies, is cooked inside a classic Dizi pot. In general, anything cooked, prepared, or served within pottery will have its own unique taste and feel.
Aside from practical uses, most pottery today is made for decorative purposes. The pottery found commonly in bazaars are usually painted with vibrant colors, attracting the eyes of anyone looking their way. However, turquoise is the most common and popular color used since ancient times. Various shades of turquoise are blended together to create a new and distinctive pattern. There are also variety of themes present on most pieces. One of the most common themes is something called The Lady Sun (khor-shid kha-noom), a round faced, black haired, thick-eyebrowed women representing the energy and warmth of the sun. Other themes include birds, fishes and various natural sceneries. Overall, the size, convenience and price of various pottery pieces make them excellent choices for gifts and souvenirs.