At the beginning of the year 2020, the headings were all about a new contagious virus from the big family of Coronaviruses, found in both humans and animals. It all started in China, in the city of Wuhan, and unfortunately, it is now spread in many countries. There is no specific reason for what caused this virus, however, it is said it must be transmitted from bat meat. The 2019 novel Coronavirus may be threatening. However, we have provided a list of the precautions which decreases the chance of you getting infected with this virus. So, if you have traveled to China recently, or intend to travel to any country which is in danger of 2019 nCoV, this article informs you with everything you need to know about Corona and things you have to do to protect yourself.
What is Corona Virus?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). At first, it may look like a simple cold, and you cannot say whether you are infected or not. However, as soon as you see one of the listed symptoms below, get yourself to a medical care center to be tested and make sure you are all fine.
Symptoms of CoV:
- Running nose
- Sore throat
- Shortness of breath
It is worth mentioning that 2019-nCoV can be more severe for some persons and can lead to pneumonia or breathing difficulties. In some cases, More rarely, kidney failure and death had been seen in some cases. Older people and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as diabetes and heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with this virus. Standard hygiene measures can be done in order to prevent the infection and further spread.
Who Can Catch This Virus?
According to WHO, people living or traveling in an area where the 2019-nCoV virus is circulating may be at risk of infection which is now mostly circulating in China where the vast majority of people infected have been reported. The infected people from other countries were the people who have recently traveled from China or who have been living or working closely with those travelers including family members or the health workers caring for a patient infected with the Coronavirus. It is important that everyone practice good respiratory hygiene.
What to Do in Public Places?
According to WHO you should be careful with your hygiene more than usual to reduce exposure to and transmission of a range of illnesses. You should notice, if you have a fever, cough or difficulty breathing, seek medical care as soon as possible and make sure to share your travel history and the people you have closely contacted within 20-days.
Standard Recommendations to Prevent Infection Spread:
- Wash your hand regularly with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub
- Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing with a tissue or flexed elbow
- Thoroughly cook meat and eggs
- Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth
- Avoid consumption of raw or undercooked animal products
- Avoid close contact with anyone with cold or flu-like symptoms especially coughing and sneezing
- Avoid unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals
- Maintain at least 1-meter distance between yourself and other people, especially those who have a cold or flu-like symptoms
Whenever you have fever, cough, and difficulty breathing it’s important to seek medical attention promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Respiratory symptoms with fever can have a range of causes, and depending on your personal travel history and circumstances, 2019-nCoV could be one of them.
Corona Virus in Travel
If you are planning a trip anywhere in the world, you should be cautious since there is no approved information about the cities and countries that are in danger of the circulation of this infectious disease.
World Health Organization recommends that people who have cough, fever and difficulty breathing should seek medical care early and inform health care providers if they have traveled in china within the past 20 days, or if they have been in close contact with someone who has traveled from China. If you have mild respiratory symptoms and no travel history to or within China, just carefully practice basic respiratory and the recommendations mentioned above and stay home until you are recovered, if possible.
In the photos below you can see the infographics published on the WHO website, titled “Stay Healthy while Traveling”.
Isfahan, Isfahan Province, Iran
Pasargad, Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Dizin Ski Resort, Tehran
Shahdad Kalouts, Shahdad, Kerman Province, Iran
Isfahan Province, Iran